Merit: Scientists should take the utmost care in the use of the scientific method, to conduct their research with the highest standards and take care to be free of conscious bias, and when evaluating and rewarding the work of others, to make their decisions only upon scientific merit and excellence.
Freedom: Scientists should be free to announce to colleagues and to the public the results of their scientific research. In publicizing scientific results scientists are responsible to prevent misuse and should try to ensure the use of their science for the good of humanity, freely and in good conscience, to the best of their knowledge.
Integrity: Scientists have the responsibility to publicize their findings and methods clearly and without distortion, present their sources and references clearly and completely. They should give credit for the contributions and responsibilities of authors and others fairly and scrupulously, and refrain from citing as authors those who do not have any actual contributions to the published research. These general principles are valid not only for research papers, edited collections and academic publications, but also for textbooks, popular writings and all authored or translated publications in printed, voice, visual, electronic and other media.
Scientists should take care not to abuse in any way their academic or administrative positions, titles and authorities in their relations with their students, assistants, colleagues, directors and persons outside the scientific community. As referees, committee or jury members, scientists and scholars should base their evaluations upon scientific and academic criteria of merit only.
In this context, the Science Academy endorses all value judgements and findings of ALLEA (All European Academies) regarding good research practices and violations of research integrity, as stated in its “European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity” in 2017.